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Par.Content Series 00Table / FigureLinks toAm.Par.Content Series 01Table / FigureLinks toCommentDoc
Based on Revision 0 and Amendment 1 and Amendment 2Based on SLR-44-01 (was GRE-83-17e)
-Introductionw-Introduction
1.Scopew1.Scope
2.Definitionsw2.Definitions
2.1.Link to R48w2.1.Link to R48
2.1.1."Retro-reflective devices of different types" means retro-reflective devicesw2.1.1."Retro-reflective devices of different types" means retro-reflective devices
2.1.2. In the case of a type of "retro-reflective device" or reflective marking material w2.1.2. In the case of a type of "retro-reflective device" or reflective marking material
2.2.belonging to the same type w2.2.belonging to the same type
2.3.Definitions CIE-Goniometer Systemw2.3.Definitions CIE-Goniometer System
2.3.1.Geometric definitions (see Figure A4-II)w2.3.1.Geometric definitions (see Figure A4-II)
2.3.1.1."Illumination axis (symbol I)" w2.3.1.1."Illumination axis (symbol I)"
2.3.1.2."Observation axis (symbol O)"w2.3.1.2."Observation axis (symbol O)"
2.3.1.3."Observation angle (symbol α)" w2.3.1.3."Observation angle (symbol α)"
2.3.1.4."Observation on half-plane" w2.3.1.4."Observation on half-plane"
2.3.1.5."Reference axis (symbol R)" w2.3.1.5."Reference axis (symbol R)"
2.3.1.6."Entrance angle (symbol β)" w2.3.1.6."Entrance angle (symbol β)"
2.3.1.7."Rotation angle (symbol ε)"w2.3.1.7."Rotation angle (symbol ε)"
2.3.1.8."First axis (symbol 1)"w2.3.1.8."First axis (symbol 1)"
w2.3.1.11."Second axis (symbol 2)" To check
2.3.1.9."First component of the entrance angle (symbol β1)" w2.3.1.9."First component of the entrance angle (symbol β1)"
2.3.1.10."Second component of the entrance angle (symbol β2)" w2.3.1.10."Second component of the entrance angle (symbol β2)"
2.3.1.11."Second axis (symbol 2)" wTo check
2.3.2.Definition of photometric termsw2.3.2.Definition of photometric terms
2.3.2.1."Coefficient of retro-reflection (symbol R')" w2.3.2.1."Coefficient of luminous intensity (symbol RI)"
w2.3.2.2."Specific coefficient of retro-reflection (symbol RA)"
2.3.2.2."Angular diameter of the retro-reflector sample (symbol η1)" w2.3.2.2."Angular diameter of the retro-reflector sample (symbol η1)"
2.3.2.3."Angular diameter of the receiver (symbol η2)" w2.3.2.3."Angular diameter of the receiver (symbol η2)"
2.3.2.4."Luminance factor (symbol ß)" w2.3.2.3."Luminance factor (symbol ßv,R)"
2.3.2.5."Colour of the reflected light of the device" w2.3.2.4."Colour of the reflected light of the device"
3.Administrative provisionsw3.Administrative provisions
3.1.Application for approvalw3.1.Application for approval
3.1.1.Who submitsw3.1.1.Who submits
3.1.1.1.In case of retroreflectors:w3.1.1.1.In case of retroreflectors:
3.1.1.2.In case of advance warning triangles:w3.1.1.2.In case of advance warning triangles:
3.1.1.3.In case of marking plates:w3.1.1.3.In case of marking plates:
3.1.1.3.1.verify conformity of productionw3.1.1.3.1.verify conformity of production
3.1.1.4.In case of retro-reflective marking material:w3.1.1.4.In case of retro-reflective marking material:
3.2.Approvalw3.2.Approval
3.2.1.separate approval for each retroreflective devicew3.2.1.separate approval for each function
3.2.2.Notice shall be communicatedw3.2.2.when more than one function all type approved
3.2.3.Approval number shall be assignedw3.2.3.if it meets the requirement approval granted
3.2.4.List of symbols and para. Linkw3.2.4.List of symbols and para. Link
3.2.5.Change indexw3.2.5.Change index
3.3.Approval markw3.3.Approval marking
3.3.1.General provisionsw3.3.1.General provisions
3.3.1.1.device shall comprise space for markingw3.3.1.1.device shall comprise space for marking
3.3.1.2.Examples of arrangementw3.3.1.2.Examples of arrangement
3.3.2.Approval marking shall consist ofw3.3.2.Approval marking shall consist of
3.3.2.1.Circle and letter Ew3.3.2.1.Circle and letter E
3.3.2.2.Approval numberw3.3.2.2.Approval number
3.3.2.3.Symbols identifying the functionsw3.3.2.3.Symbols identifying the functions
3.3.2.4.Number fo the Reg. Followed by "R" and seriesw3.3.2.4.Number fo the Reg. Followed by "R" and series
3.3.2.5.approval number close to the circlew3.3.2.5.Additional symbols
3.3.3.Approval mark may be replaced by UIw3.3.3.Approval mark may be replaced by UI
3.3.4.Marking requirementsw3.3.4.Marking requirements
3.3.4.1.Comprise space for markingw3.3.4.1.Comprise space for marking
3.3.4.1.1.Visible when fitted to vehiclew3.3.4.1.1.Visible when fitted to vehicle
3.3.4.1.2.Placement of markingw3.3.4.1.2.Placement of marking
3.3.4.2.Trade name or markw3.3.4.2.Trade name or mark
3.3.4.3.symbols identifying the retro-reflective devicew3.3.4.3.Category of light sources / light source moduleTo check until 3.4.3.
3.3.4.4.approval mark shall be clearly legible and indeliblew3.3.4.4.in case of … rated voltage or range
3.3.4.5.approval number and the additional symbols shall be placed close to the circlew3.3.4.5.marking for light source modules
3.3.4.6.Examples of the arrangement w3.3.4.6.Electronic light source control gear outside
3.3.4.7.space for the approval mark w3.3.4.7.Markings shall be
3.4.Modification of type and extensionw3.4.Modification of type and extension
3.4.1.Every modification shall be notifiedw3.4.1.Every modification shall be notified
3.4.1.1.Authority may considerw3.4.1.1.Authority may consider
3.4.1.2.Require more testsw3.4.1.2.Require more tests
3.4.2.All changes chall be communicatedw3.4.2.All changes chall be communicated
3.4.3.Assign series number for extensionw3.4.3.Assign series number for extension
3.5.Conformity of productionw3.5.Conformity of production
3.5.1.Retro-reflectors approved shall be so manufactured as to conformw3.5.1.Retro-reflectors approved shall be so manufactured as to conform
3.5.1.1.minimum requirements for conformity of production control procedures w3.5.1.1.minimum requirements for conformity of production control procedures
3.5.1.2.CoP inspector proceduresw3.5.1.2.CoP inspector procedures
3.5.2.Authority may verify at any timew3.5.2.Authority may verify at any time
3.5.3.Non replaceable filament light sourcesw3.5.3.Non replaceable filament light sources
3.5.3.1.stability in time of the optical properties of advance warning trianglesw3.5.3.1.stability in time of the optical properties of advance warning triangles
3.5.4.retro-reflective marking material shall be so manufactured as to conform to the type approved w3.5.4.retro-reflective marking material shall be so manufactured as to conform to the type approved
3.6.Penalties for non-conformity of productionw3.6.Penalties for non-conformity of production
3.6.1.Approval may be withdrawnw3.6.1.Approval may be withdrawn
3.6.2.If withdrawn inform other CPsw3.6.2.If withdrawn inform other CPs
3.7.Production def. Discontinuedw3.7.Production def. Discontinued
3.8.Names and adresses of technical servicew3.8.Names and adresses of technical service
w
4. General technical requirementsw4. General technical requirements
4.1.general descriptions herein after referred to as "retro-reflective devices"w4.1.general descriptions herein after referred to as "retro-reflective devices"
4.1.1.devices shall be so constructed that they function satisfactorily w4.1.1.devices shall be so constructed that they function satisfactorily
4.1.2.not be capable of being easily dismantledw4.1.2.not be capable of being easily dismantled
4.1.3.shall be durable and stablew4.1.3.shall be durable and stable
4.1.4.outer surface shall be easy to cleanw4.1.4.outer surface shall be easy to clean
4.1.5.no access to the inner surface w4.1.5.no access to the inner surface
4.1.6.may consist of a combined unit and cannot be separated w4.1.6.may consist of a combined unit and cannot be separated
4.1.7.colouring by means of paint or varnishw4.1.7.colouring by means of paint or varnish
4.2.Colorimetric test conditionsw4.2.Colorimetric test conditions
4.2.1.Test procedure for night time coloursw4.2.1.Test procedure for night time colours
4.2.1.1.apply only to clear, red or amber devicesw4.2.1.1.apply only to clear, red or amber devices
4.2.1.2.testing the colour of the retro-reflective devicew4.2.1.2.testing the colour of the retro-reflective device
4.2.1.3.Clear retro-reflective devices w4.2.1.3.Clear retro-reflective devices
4.2.2. Test procedure for day time coloursw4.2.2. Test procedure for day time colours
4.2.2.1.testing the day time colour w4.2.2.1.testing the day time colour
4.2.3. Test procedure for fluorescent coloursw4.2.3. Test procedure for fluorescent colours
4.2.3.1. Colour of the fluorescent material without retro-reflectionw4.2.3.1. Colour of the fluorescent material without retro-reflection
4.2.3.1.1.For testing the colour of the fluorescent materialw4.2.3.1.1.For testing the colour of the fluorescent material
4.2.3.2. Colour of the fluorescent material with retro-reflectionw4.2.3.2. Colour of the fluorescent material with retro-reflection
4.2.3.2.1.For testing the colour of the fluorescent materialw4.2.3.2.1.For testing the colour of the fluorescent material
4.3.Determination of the luminance factorw4.3.Determination of the luminance factor
4.3.1.For the determination of the luminance factorw4.3.1.For the determination of the luminance factor
4.3.1.1.luminance L into relation to the luminance Lo w4.3.1.1.luminance L into relation to the luminance Lo
4.3.1.2.ratio of the tristimulus value Y w4.3.1.2.ratio of the tristimulus value Y
5.Specific technical requirementsw5.Specific technical requirements5.1, 5.2 and 5.3 merged into new 5.1
5.1.requirements retro-reflectors Classes IA and IB w5.1.
5.1.1.retro-reflector shall meetw
5.1.2.applicant shall submit ten samples w
5.1.3.Test procedurew
5.1.3.1.verification of the general specificationsw
5.1.3.2.undergoing the tests referred to w
5.1.3.2.1.colour which satisfies the conditions w
5.1.3.2.2.CIL which satisfies the conditions w
5.1.4.Minimum values for the CIL values of retro-reflectionw
5.1.4.1.specify one or more or a range of axis of referencew
5.1.4.2.photometric measurements shall be repeated making referencew
5.1.4.3.manufacturer shall specify the perimeter of the area w
5.1.4.4.Class IA and Class IBw
5.1.4.4.1.Table 3 for CIL values for red (Classes IA and IB)w
5.1.4.4.2.values for amber must be multiplied by 2.5w
5.1.4.4.3.values for colourless must be multiplied by 4w
5.1.4.5.intended to be installed with its H plane at a mounting height less than 750 mm w
5.1.5.Colour of the reflected light of the devicew
5.1.5.1.testing of the colour for retro-reflective device (night-time colour)w
5.1.5.2.within the limits UN Regulation No. 48.w
5.1.6.Special specification (tests) / resistance to external agentsw
5.1.7.Table 4 chronological order of tests (Classes IA and IB)wSee SLR-38-26/Rev.1
5.2.requirements retro-reflectors Classes IIIA and IIIB w
5.2.1.retro-reflector shall meetw
5.2.2.applicant shall submit ten samples w
5.2.2.1.verification of the general specificationsw
5.2.2.2.undergoing the tests referred to w
5.2.2.2.1.colour which satisfies the conditions w
5.2.2.2.2.CIL which satisfies the conditions w
5.2.3.Minimum values for the CIL values of retro-reflectionw
5.2.3.1.Table 5 for CIL values for red (Classes IIIA and IIIB)wSee SLR-38-26/Rev.1
5.2.3.2.intended to be installed with its H plane at a mounting height less than 750 mm w
5.2.4.Colour of the reflected light of the device:w
5.2.4.1.testing of the colour for retro-reflective device (night-time colour)w
5.2.4.2.within the limits UN Regulation No. 48.w
5.2.5.Special specification (tests) / resistance to external agentsw
5.2.6.Table 6 chronological order of tests (Classes IIIA and IIIB)w
5.3.requirements retro-reflectors of the Class IVA w
5.3.1.retro-reflector shall meetw
5.3.2.applicant shall submit ten samples w
5.3.3.Test procedurew
5.3.3.1.verification of the general specificationsw
5.3.3.2.samples divided into two groups w
5.3.3.3.undergoing the tests referred w
5.3.3.3.1.colour which satisfies the conditions w
5.3.3.3.2.CIL which satisfies the conditions w
5.3.3.4.remaining samples w
5.3.4.Minimum values for the CIL values of retro-reflectionw
5.3.4.1.Table 7 for CIL values (Class IVA)w
5.3.4.2.intended to be installed with its H plane at a mounting height less than 750 mm w
5.3.5.Colour of the reflected light of the device w
5.3.5.1.testing of the colour for retro-reflective device (night-time colour)w
5.3.5.2.within the limits UN Regulation No. 48.w
5.3.6.Special specification (tests) / resistance to external agentsw
5.3.7.Table 8 chronological order of tests (Class IVA)wSee SLR-38-26/Rev.1
5.4.requirements markings of the Classes C w5.2.5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7 and 5.8 merged into new 5.2
5.4.1.marking of the Classes C and F, shall meetw
5.4.2.The applicant shall submit for approvalw
5.4.2.1.samples to be submitted to the test laboratoryw
5.4.2.2.samples shall be representative of current productionw
5.4.2.3.samples shall be tested in the chronological orderw
5.4.3.Test procedurew
5.4.3.1.verification of the general specifications w
5.4.3.2.photometric and colorimetric measurements w
5.4.3.3.other tests, samples which have not undergone any testing w
5.4.4.Minimum values for the coefficient of retro-reflectionw
5.4.4.1.Table 9 values for the Coefficient of Retro-reflection R’ w
5.4.5.Colour of the reflected light of the device w
5.4.5.1.testing of the colour (night-time colour) w
5.4.5.2.trichromatic coordinates as in UN Regulation No. 48.w
5.4.6.Special specification (tests) / resistance to external agents w
5.4.6.1.Resistance to weatheringw
5.4.6.2.Resistance to corrosionw
5.4.6.3.Resistance to fuelsw
5.4.6.4.Resistance to heatw
5.4.6.5.Resistance to cleaningw
5.4.6.6.Stability of photometric propertiesw
5.4.6.7.Resistance to penetration of waterw
5.4.6.8.Bonding strength w
5.4.6.9.Flexingw
5.4.7.Chronological order of tests for Classes Cw
5.4.7.1.samples representing either strips or planes of retro-reflective marking materialsw
5.4.7.2.samples shall be representative of current productionw
5.4.7.3.verification of the general specifications w
5.4.7.4.photometric and colorimetric measurements w
5.4.7.5.other tests, samples which have not undergone any testingw
5.5.requirements markings of the Classes D and Ew
5.5.1.marking of the Classes D and E shall meet w
5.5.2.The applicant shall submit for approvalw
5.5.2.1.samplesto be submitted w
5.5.2.2.samples shall be representative of current productionw
5.5.3. Test procedurew
5.5.4.Table 10 Maximum values for the Coefficient of Retro-reflection R'w
5.5.5.Colour of the reflected light of the devicew
5.5.5.1.(classes D and E) may be of any colour.w
5.5.6.Special specification (tests) / resistance to external agentsw
5.5.6.1.distinctive markings or letters/characters has to be decentw
5.5.6.2.marking materials intended as base or background w
5.5.6.3.Type Approval Authorities may authorize laboratories to omit certain unnecessary testsw
5.6.requirements markings Class F and plates Class 5w
5.6.1.marking of the Class F shall meet the requirements of the checks and tests forw
5.6.2.The applicant shall submit for approvalw
5.6.2.1.test samples shall be providedw
5.6.2.2.samples shall be representative of current productionw
5.6.3. Test procedurew
5.6.4.Table 11 values for the Coefficient of Retro-reflection R' w
5.6.5.Colour of the reflected light of the device w
5.6.5.1.testing of the day-time colour w
5.6.5.2.trichromatic coordinates as in UN Regulation No. 48w
5.6.5.3.Luminance factor determined w
5.6.6.Special specification (tests) / resistance to external agentsw
5.6.6.1.Resistance to weatheringw
5.6.6.2.Resistance to corrosionw
5.6.6.3.Resistance to fuelsw
5.6.6.4.Resistance to heatw
5.6.6.5.Resistance to cleaningw
5.6.6.6.Stability of photometric propertiesw
5.6.6.7.Resistance to penetration of waterw
5.6.6.8.Bonding strength w
5.6.6.9.Flexingw
5.6.7.In the case of Platesw
5.7.requirements markings plates Classes 1, 2, 3 and 4w
5.7.1.Retro-reflective devices of this paragraph must satisfy w
5.7.2.The applicant shall submit for approvalw
5.7.2.1.shall be supplied to the testing laboratory for the various tests w
5.7.2.2.test samples shall be representative of current productionw
5.7.3.Test procedurew
5.7.4.Table 12 values for the Coefficient of Retro-reflection R' w
5.7.5.Colour of the reflected light of the device w
5.7.5.1.testing of the nighttimecolour for retro-reflective device w
5.7.5.1.1.trichromatic coordinates as in UN Regulation No. 48w
5.7.5.2.testing of daytime colourw
5.7.5.2.1.trichromatic coordinates as in UN Regulation No. 48w
5.7.5.2.1.Luminance factor β determined w
5.7.5.3.testing of the colour for the fluorescent material w
5.7.5.3.1.trichromatic coordinates as in UN Regulation No. 48w
5.7.5.3.2.Luminance factor β determined w
5.7.6.Special specification (tests) / resistance to external agentsw
5.7.6.1.Resistance to weatheringw
5.7.6.2.Resistance to corrosionw
5.7.6.3.Resistance to fuelsw
5.7.6.4.Resistance to heatw
5.7.6.5.Resistance to cleaningw
5.7.6.6.Stability of photometric propertiesw
5.7.6.7.Resistance to penetration of waterw
5.7.6.8.Bonding strength w
5.7.6.9.Flexingw
5.7.6.9.1.adhered to a flexible substratew
5.7.6.9.2. In the case of Platesw
5.7.7.Chronological order of tests for Classes 1, 2, 3 and 4w
5.7.7.1.shall be supplied to the testing laboratory for the various tests w
5.7.7.2.test samples shall be representative of current productionw
5.7.7.3.verification of the general specifications w
5.7.7.4.photometric and colorimetric measurements w
5.7.7.5.other tests, samples which have not undergone any testing w
5.8.requirements plates Class SMVw
5.8.1.Retro-reflective devices of this paragraph must satisfyw
5.8.2.The applicant shall submit for approvalw
5.8.2.1.shall be supplied to the testing laboratory for the various tests w
5.8.2.2.test samples shall be representative of current productionw
5.8.3.Test procedurew
5.8.3.1.SMV shall meet the requirements of the checks w
5.8.3.2.verification of the general specifications w
5.8.3.3.photometric and colorimetric measurements w
5.8.3.4.other tests, samples which have not undergone any testingw
5.8.4.Maximum values for the coefficient of retro-reflection w
5.8.4.1.Table 13 values for the Coefficient of Retro-reflection R'w
5.8.4.2.The subtended angle at the sample shall not be larger than 80'w
5.8.5.Colour of the reflected light of the device w
5.8.5.1.colour for retro-reflective device (night-time colour) w
5.8.5.1.1.trichromatic coordinates as in UN Regulation No. 48w
5.8.5.2.colour for retro-reflective device (day-time colour) w
5.8.5.2.1.trichromatic coordinates as in UN Regulation No. 48w
5.8.5.2.2.Luminance factor β w
5.8.6.Colorimetric Specificationsw
5.8.6.1.SMV rear marking plate composed either w
5.8.7.Special specification (tests) / resistance to external agentsw
5.8.7.1.Resistance to weatheringw
5.8.7.2.Resistance to corrosionw
5.8.7.3.Resistance to fuelsw
5.8.7.4.Resistance to heatw
5.8.7.5.Resistance to cleaningw
5.8.7.6.Stability of photometric propertiesw
5.8.7.7.Resistance to penetration of waterw
5.8.7.8.Bonding strength w
5.8.7.9.Flexingw
5.8.7.9.1.adhered to a flexible substratew
5.8.7.9.2. In the case of Platesw
5.8.8. Chronological order SMVw
5.8.8.1.shall be supplied to the testing laboratory for the various tests w
5.8.8.2.test samples shall be representative of current productionw
5.8.8.3.verification of the general specifications w
5.8.8.4.photometric and colorimetric measurements w
5.8.8.5.other tests, samples which have not undergone any testing w
5.9.requirements concerning advance warning trianglesw5.3.
all chaptersw
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6.Transitional provisionsw6.Transitional provisions
6.1.Generalw6.1.General
6.1.1.Change indexw6.1.1.Change index
6.1.2.extensionsw6.1.2.extensions
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A1Communication formwA1Communication form
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A2Minimum requirements for conformity of production control procedureswA2Minimum requirements for conformity of production control procedures
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A3Minimum requirements for sampling by an inspectorwA3Minimum requirements for sampling by an inspector
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A4Photometric measurements of retro-reflective devices and marking materialswA4Photometric measurements of retro-reflective devices and marking materials
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A5Specifications of shape and dimensionswA5Specifications of shape and dimensions
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A6Heat resistance testwA6Heat resistance test
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A7Resistance to water penetration for retro-reflective devices and advance warning triangleswA7Resistance to water penetration for retro-reflective devices and advance warning triangles
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A8Alternative test procedures of resistance to water penetration wA8Alternative test procedures of resistance to water penetration
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A9Resistance to fuelswA9Resistance to fuels
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A10Resistance to lubricating oilswA10Resistance to lubricating oils
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A11Resistance to corrosion (ISO Standard 3768)wA11Resistance to corrosion (ISO Standard 3768)
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A12Resistance of the accessible rear face of mirror-backed retro-reflective deviceswA12Resistance of the accessible rear face of mirror-backed retro-reflective devices
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A13Resistance to weatheringwA13Resistance to weathering
wreplacement for Annex 13, 21, 22
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A14Stability of photometric propertieswA14Stability of photometric properties
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A15Resistance to cleaning in the case of a sample unit of retro-reflective marking deviceswA15Resistance to cleaning in the case of a sample unit of retro-reflective marking devices
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A16Bonding strengthwA16Bonding strength
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A17Flexing - Retro-reflecting MarkingswA17Flexing - Retro-reflecting Markings
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A18Resistance to impactwA18Resistance to impact
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A19Rigidity of plateswA19Rigidity of plates
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A20Further test procedures for Advance Warning TriangleswA20Further test procedures for Advance Warning Triangles
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A21Colour-fastness of retro-reflective devices of the Classes IA, IB, IIIA, IIIB and IVAwA21Colour-fastness of retro-reflective devices of the Classes IA, IB, IIIA, IIIB and IVA
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A22Colour fastness to artificial light – Xenon-arc lamp testwA22Colour fastness to artificial light – Xenon-arc lamp test
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A23Description of the measurement geometry for measurement of the colour and the luminance factor of fluorescent retro-reflective materials wA23Description of the measurement geometry for measurement of the colour and the luminance factor of fluorescent retro-reflective materials
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A24Examples of approval markswA21Arrangement of approval markingsWill become A21
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A25Guidelines for installation of rear marking plates on slow-moving vehicles (by construction) and their trailers wA22Guidelines for installation of rear marking plates on slow-moving vehicles (by construction) and their trailers Will become A22